Publication ethics best practice guidelines

Greenleaf Publishing upholds the highest standards of publication ethics. Working with our editors, authors and reviewers, we take all possible measures to prevent publication malpractice and are committed to addressing possible instances of malpractice that we identify or are brought to our attention.

Original work

  • All work submitted for publication in a Greenleaf Publishing journal or book must be original. Contributions must not be copied in whole or in part from other works.
  • Authors must explicitly identify and reference the author and source of any data or material taken verbatim or paraphrased from another work, whether that work is published, unpublished, or available in an open access form.
  • Authors must explicitly cite others' work and ideas both within the text and in the list of references.
  • Submitted journal papers and book chapters must not have been accepted for publication or under consideration with any other journal or edited collection.

Redundant publication/self-plagiarism

  • Verbatim or substantial copying of an author’s own work that is already published or under consideration for publication is not acceptable.
  • Any wording or data that has been included in another work by the author must be clearly identified by the author at the submission stage.
  • It is recognized that research data can be used in different settings, but it is essential that the theme, discussion and conclusions of a journal paper or book chapter are original.

Fabricated data and results

  • Inventing, falsifying or misrepresenting data or results, or manipulating images in order to falsify results, can lead to very serious consequences and is strictly forbidden.

Conflicts of interest

  • Authors are required to disclose any support for research, financial or non-financial, at the submission stage.
  • Reviewers are required to inform the editor of the journal or edited collection if they have recently completed or are currently engaged in competing research to that which they have been asked to review. If a conflict of interest is identified, the work will be sent to an independent reviewer.

Fair treatment

  • All editorial decisions will be based on the quality of the content and without regard to the ethnic origin, citizenship, disability status, marital status, religious belief, gender, age, sexual orientation, or the political philosophy of the authors.

Author contributions

  • All named authors must have made a substantive contribution to the research and the preparation of the written work. It is not appropriate to include the names of supervisors who have not contributed to the work.
  • Any author who has made a substantive contribution to the research and the preparation of the written work must be named (unless otherwise agreed by that author).
  • The ordering of the names of the authors should be agreed prior to the submission of the work.

Defamation and libel

  • Works must not contain defamatory statements about individuals or organizations. Critical studies must be impartial and accompanied by appropriate evidence, references and explanation. The editors and the publishers reserve the right to withdraw papers that could be construed as libellous. Proof of consent will be required for studies of people or organizations. For more information about what constitutes a defamatory statement and libel defences under English and Welsh law, please consult Sections 1–7 of the Defamation Act 2013. Please note that any publication published by Greenleaf is subject to English and Welsh defamation law, regardless of the author’s nationality.


  • The content of the paper must not be in breach of any confidentiality agreements binding on the author(s).

Resolution process

  • When an author discovers a significant error in his/her own work (either when it is published or under review), he/she must promptly notify the journal or book editor and cooperate with the editor to correct the paper or prepare a retraction. If the paper is still unpublished, the paper may be removed from the publication process.
  • In serious cases of malpractice, the editor and publishers may need to post a retraction notice or statement of concern without the consent of the author.
  • In serious cases of malpractice and when the author does not communicate within a stated timeframe, the editor and the publishers reserve the right to contact the author’s institution or company to help reach a resolution.