Corporate and intergovernmental actors recognize the importance of the international shipping industry for its role in facilitating trade and providing countries and firms with access to global markets. About 90% of all goods traded internationally are transported by sea (BIMCO, 2016a). This promotes economic development, creates jobs and boosts living standards around the world. Moreover, shipping is the most carbon-efficient mode of commercial transportation, with much lower carbon emissions per unit weight carried per unit distance than the other main transport modes. Since the early 2000s, transparency on social and environmental issues has been on the rise in international shipping.
This special issue includes five papers that analyse the potential, limitations and effects of CSR within the international shipping industry, examining what is required to promote more widespread social and environmental upgrading among shipping companies and their wider set of stakeholders.
Corporate Social Responsibility in the International Shipping Industry: State-of-the-art, Current Challenges and Future Directions
Peter Lund-Thomsen, René Taudal Poulsen and Rob Ackrill
An Institutional Perspective on the Diffusion of Social Sustainability and its Discourse in Liner Shipping Operations
Markus Vejvar, Kee-hung Lai and Chris K.Y. Lo
Moving Sustainable Shipping Forward: The Potential of Market-based Mechanisms to Reduce CO2 Emissions from Shipping
Judith van Leeuwen and Kris van Koppen
Sustainable Energy Transitions in Maritime Transport: The Case of Biofuels
The Maritime Anti-Corruption Network: Tackling Corruption through Collective Action
“Seabirds Matter More Than Us!”: Understanding the Complex Exercise of CSR in the Global Shipping Industry