In 2008, Ashoka launched the "Changemaker Campus Initiative" which applies Ashoka's rigorous criteria to select and support universities as they develop and implement a comprehensive social entrepreneurship plan. Through the lessons learned from this network, and with input from its broader global network of those experienced in the field, Ashoka aims to set a new standard for social entrepreneurship education. Indeed, despite the rising demand, there remains a dire need for quality coursework and global teaching case studies. Social entrepreneurs – and the pressing challenges they solve – are not bound by geographic borders or a single political environment, yet there is a lack of the materials necessary to equip students with the skills and mind-set required to catalyze systemic social change.
What few high-quality case studies do exist typically highlight social entrepreneurs within the United States. This cooperation with oikos within the Social Entrepreneurship Track of the annual oikos Global Case Competition is a critical vehicle for tackling that challenge. As a result of this effort, more locally relevant case studies are being written, peer-reviewed, and judged than ever before, and are able to make their way into the hands of global audiences eager to adopt them into their courses.
Building social entrepreneurship skills and problem-solving abilities are best practiced and honed using real-life examples and strategic challenges – not just learning theories in a vacuum. Case studies provide this exposure and real-time training in systemic problem-solving. Through these 15 teaching cases, students learn that social entrepreneurship is about identifying root causes of problems and applying a solution that tackles the system. As study upon study has shown, the band-aid approach does not work. To effectively address a social problem, the solution must continually adapt and evolve based on market feedback about what works and what needs to change in the model.
Case Studies in Social Entrepreneurship and Sustainability is the second volume resulting from the oikos Global Case Writing Competition – an annual program launched in 2003 to promote the publication of high-quality teaching cases in corporate sustainability. This book expands the collection with award-winning global cases in the rapidly growing field of social entrepreneurship and sustainability.
In view of the growing importance of various sustainability trends, management schools are increasingly challenged to adapt their entrepreneurship and business curricula. Management education needs to reflect the trends and provide a broadened understanding of value creation. Sustainability is a concept that demands that organizations consider the legitimate expectations of different stakeholders in their value creation processes. At the same time, it underlines the fact that many sustainability trends offer new business opportunities that entrepreneurs will seize. As a result, value creation processes need to be reorganized in order to create economic capital while developing social capital and preserving natural capital.
Indeed, entrepreneurial organizations are increasingly dealing with these challenges. The case studies in this book explore both the opportunities and pitfalls entrepreneurs – working with organizations with for-profit, hybrid and non-profit business models – face in targeting sustainability issues and how their values and core assumptions impact their business strategies. They describe new patterns of value creation, new alliances, and the challenges of dealing with existing paradigms. It is clear that new ways of doing business with a common objective of maximizing social impact are substantially shaping markets and society.
This textbook of competition-winning case studies for management education in the field of social entrepreneurship and sustainability provides excellent learning opportunities, tells engaging stories, deals with recent situations, includes quotations from key actors, is thought-provoking and controversial, requires decision-making and provides clear take-aways.
This case collection highlights prize-winning teaching cases in the field of Social Entrepreneurship and Sustainability. The accompanying chapters on what makes for an excellent case and teaching note make it an invaluable resource for case writers, teachers and students in Social Entrepreneurship, Strategy and Sustainability.
This collection of peer-reviewed quality case studies sheds light on diverse and inclusive social entrepreneurial practices in four continents. The focus on new patterns of value creation and thought-provoking business models is unique. A must-read for any Entrepreneurship class.
A source of inspiration and a solid foundation for any impact-oriented course on Social Entrepreneurship.
Foreword Marina Kim, Director, Ashoka U
Part 1: Introduction
1.1 Preface 1.2 Cases in Social Entrepreneurship: What Makes an Excellent Case? 1.3 Teaching Notes 1.4 Introduction to the Cases
Part 2: Understanding the Nature of the Social Entrepreneur
The Meaning of Social Entrepreneurship J. Gregory Dees, Fuqua School of Business, Duke University, USA
Case 1. So you want to be a social entrepreneur: Starting out, scaling up, staying committed Michael Gordon, University of Michigan, USA
Case 2. Gram Vikas Imran Chowdhury, ESSEC Business School, France Filipe Santos, INSEAD, France
Case 3. Kickstart: A business model to tackle poverty Saji Sam George V. Namratha Prasad, IBS Center for Management Research, India
Case 4. Kapai New Zealand: Eat Your greens! Helen Tregidga and Kate Kearins, Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand Eva Collins, University of Waikato Management School, New Zealand
Part 3: Entrepreneurial action for developing inclusive markets
Case 5. Fabio Rosa: Bridging the electricity divide in Brazil Aytha Harish Vivek Gupta, IBS Center for Management Research, India
Case 6. Dr. Reddy's: Medicine is for people, profits follow Bala Chakravarthy and Sophie Coughlan, IMD, Switzerland
Case 7. Altis: A microfinance startup in Nepal Jacen Greene and Scott Marshall, Portland State University, USA
Case 8. VisionSpring: A lens for growth at the base of the pyramid Molly Christiansen Ted London, William Davidson Institute/Ross School of Business, University of Michigan, USA
Part 4: Topic spotlight: SE approaches for tackling water challenges
Case 9. Procter & Gamble's PuR Water Purifier: The hunt for a sustainable business model Lisa Jones Christensen and Jessica Thomas, Kenan Flagler Business School, University of North Carolina, USA
Case 10. Trevor Field and the PlayPumps of Africa Debapratim Purkayastha, IBS Center for Management Research, India
Case 11. WaterHealth International: providing safe drinking water to the bottom-of-the-pyramid consumers Hadiya Faheem and Debapratim Purkayastha, IBS Center for Management Research, India
Part 5. Scaling, legitimacy and profit challenges for mission-driven Organizations
Case 12. Business model innovation by Better Place: A green ecosystem for the mass adoption of electric cars Ramalingam Meenakshisundaram and Besta Shankar, IBS Center for Management Research, India
Case 13. Noir/Illumninati II Benoit Leleux, IMD Lausanne, Switzerland
Case 14. The ReUse PEOPLE: Turning scrap into sales William G. Powell and Charles J. Corbett, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), USA
Case 15. Living homes Rebecca Henn and Andrew J. Hoffman, University of Michigan, USA
Part 6: Resources
6.1 Guidelines for case writing 6.2 International case writing competitions 6.3 Case Collections and journals 6.4 About the oikos Global Case Writing Competition 6.5 About oikos 6.6 Literature
JOST HAMSCHMIDT is a senior researcher at the ETH Zurich Group for Sustainability and Technology. MICHAEL PIRSON is the track chair for the oikos-Ashoka Global Case Writing Competition in Social Entrepreneurship.
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